Glaucoma is a condition that affects approximately three million people in the United States. If left untreated, this condition can cause serious damage of the eye and lead to blindness. Fortunately, this condition can be corrected with surgery. Most patients respond very well to glaucoma surgery. In rare cases, a patient may develop surgical complications. Some of the most common glaucoma surgery risks include: reaction to the anesthesia, infection, bleeding, pain and cataract formation.
A doctor may choose to perform glaucoma surgery under general anesthesia. Anesthesia is generally regarded as safe, but a person can sometimes react badly to it. Some of the surgical complications that can result from a reaction to the anesthesia include falling into a coma, allergic reaction and even death. It is important to note that those who have certain health conditions are at an increased risk for having a reaction and it’s important to know the causes of glaucoma eye disease before electing surgery.
There is a risk of infection associated with glaucoma surgery for some patients. Anytime a surgical incision is performed, there is a small risk that the wound will become infected. Some of the signs of an infection include: fever, redness and swelling. An eye infection that is caused by a complication of glaucoma surgery can lead to blindness. That is why it is important that people who develop an infection consult with their doctors immediately before the situation worsens.
Another one of the glaucoma surgery risks is bleeding before and after surgery. Even though the incision that the doctors make is relatively small, there is still a chance that a person may suffer some bleeding. A small amount of bleeding is common, but when the bleeding is profuse it can be life-threatening. If a patient suffers bleeding during surgery, it can be managed by the medical team. However, if a person suffers bleeding at home, he or she will have to go to the emergency room.
Pain after surgery is one of the most common glaucoma surgery risks, but sometimes that pain can be severe and last for weeks. If a person suffers from severe pain, he or she should consult with a doctor immediately. Sometimes, severe surgical complications can cause cataract formation. If a person develops cataracts, he or she may have to have surgery again to correct the problems caused with the initial incisions.
There are many possible glaucoma surgery risks, but there are many things that a person can do to reduce the chance of developing surgical complications. Strenuous activities should be avoided for a couple of weeks after surgery because they increase the chance of bleeding. It is also important to make sure that one gets plenty of rest and sees his or her optometrist on a regular basis for check-ups. Doing those things will help a person go through glaucoma surgery without too many problems and avoid some of the common laser eye surgery risks that are out there.