A sudden vision of dancing lights or straight edges of walls or roads that suddenly appear curved is a very serious sign indicative of retinal detachment. Retinal detachment figures among the various medical emergencies that could happen to anyone. If this occurs, one should rush to the medical center for a consultation with an ophthalmologist. The eye doctor will schedule an eye retina surgery. He or she will do this personally or ask a retina specialist to carry out the necessary eye surgery detached retina.
Tears in the retina occur when the person is involved in an accident. The shock can cause the retina or portions of it to detach. This detachment could also happen due to the onset of diseases or medical conditions such as:
b) Lattice degeneration of retina
d) Action of medication such as pilocarpine drops
e) Cataract surgery
People with diseases like AIDS, malignant hypertension, severe myopia, who have undergone cataract surgery, have stickler syndrome, eclampsia, retinoblastoma and those who smoke are likely to experience tears or holes in the retina. In some cases, these could lead to retinal detachment. Eye retina surgery is necessary for repairing the damage to the retina.
Tissue at the back of the eye is sensitive to light. This is responsible for the vision and when vitreous fluid seeps into the space between the retina and the eyeball tears will develop. If left untreated, the retina will peal slowly away. Once this occurs, the cells in the detached retina begin to die, leading to permanent loss of vision.
a) Floaters and flashing lights
b) Falling shadow or curtain across the field of vision
c) Streaks of light, spots or strands in the peripheral vision
d) Heaviness in eye region
Treatment and corrective measures
One must undergo eye surgery to correct the defects to the retina. The surgeon will find and seal all breaks present in the retina. He also makes corrections for vitreoretinal traction.
After detection of damage or detachment of the retina eye surgery is the option one has. This requires immediate attention, if the patient delays undergoing the procedure, the chances of losing vision are greater. One could classify the different kinds of surgical procedures into:
b) Scleral buckle surgery
d) Laser Photocoagulation
Pneumatic retinopathy: Doctor performs this in his office using local anesthesia. He injects a gas bubble into the eye. In this type of eye surgery retina that is detached presses back towards the eyeball. He then seals any tears to help the retina recover.
Scleral buckle surgery: Here the surgeon will sew in bands of silicone on the outer walls of the eyeball. This in turn pushes the inner eyeball that is torn. This helps to heal the damage.
Vitrectomy: Vitreous gel in the eye is removed and silicone oil or gas bubble is filled in the eye. However, this procedure could lead to progression of cataract.
Laser Photocoagulation: Surgery takes place to seal off small segments of detached retina in this procedure. This prevents the spread of retinal detachment. In all laser eye surgery risks associated are great.
Retina is one very important part of the eye. Once there is damage to it, eye retina surgery should be done immediately to prevent the possibility of blurred or complete loss of vision. Your eye doctor will perform the procedure or will refer you to an expert in eye surgeries. It is very important that you do not delay the surgery as the complete detachment of retina will lead to irreversible blindness.