Laser eye surgery risks are a common concern held by many people who desire their vision corrected. Eye surgery complications may be numerous and there are also specific risks associated with the popular LASIK eye surgery that you may or may not be aware of. Our goal is to better educate you as to the potential risks associated with the procedure to ensure you’re able to make a clear, informed decision about your treatment options.
Laser eye surgery risks and LASIK eye surgery risks are often used interchangeably. However, laser eye surgery can mean the general surgical method, often known as refractive corrections. In contrast, LASIK is a specific type of laser eye surgery. The most common trait both types of surgery have is that they use a medically designed laser that focuses on the cornea of the eye to correct the vision.
In general, laser eye surgery risks include many potential complications. Like any medical operation, laser eye surgery risks should be taken seriously by a consumer and a medical patient. A well-trained medical professional can minimize all the potential laser eye surgery risks, but accidents can happen. Post-operation infection is one risk that could occur due to the immune compromise of the body. Another risk associated with laser eye surgery is the formation of scar tissue around the cornea. This comes from the laser’s heat, which has been known to cause tissue around the cornea of the eye to rise up and bubble. This forms little islands of tissue mass that can harm, hinder, or worsen vision compared to what the consumer ideally wanted.
Another possibility is that a foreign object, such as dust or bacteria, can enter into the eye during the operation. The result may be extreme pain for the patient or blurry vision well after the surgery. Another note to take into account is the fact the laser destroys cells during the operation. The bodily result of this is usually the formation of new cells to replace the destroyed ones. However, most of the new cells end up growing underneath the cornea. This can result in bulges forming underneath the cornea, damaging vision further.
Consumers should also consider the fact that laser eye surgery may under-perform and not meet their expectations. What is meant by this is that the laser eye surgery may not accurately correct the vision in the eye to the correct and healthy eye sight setting. This disappointment may be a huge one for some consumers since the benefits of eye surgery outweigh the laser eye surgery risks. In fact, there may be a chance a patient will need glasses or contacts even after their surgery to correct any eye issue left over from the operation. This expectation gap is a major hindrance for many consumers.
LASIK stands for “laser in situ keratomileusis”, a Latinized term that explicitly means using a laser to reshape the cornea of the eye. It is a highly crafted form of laser eye surgery, usually requiring a specialist to first remove the flap of the cornea before utilizing a laser on the eye tissue. LASIK is probably one of the most complex eye surgeries because of how the tissue is cut and corrected by the laser. Because of this, many of the previous issues with laser eye surgeries are in effect, but other factors may occur that complicate the surgery.
One notable issue with LASIK specifically is the ability for one eye not to function as well as the other eye. LASIK complications may be increase the differences between the two eyes, such as perfectly fixing one eye, but being unable to completely fix the vision problems in another eye. The result is blurred images. LASIK results may also not be permanent. LASIK cannot correct certain traits for certain eye conditions, like farsightedness. As a result, the person’s eye sight may regress. Finally, the invasive nature of LASIK may cause a myriad of complicated problems for the eye. For example, the human eye may experience chronic dry eye as a result of LASIK. In the most extreme circumstances, vision loss could occur from scarring, infection, or medical error.